Käthe Schmidt Kollwitz
Käthe Schmidt Kollwitz(b. 1867, East Prussia) grew up in a relatively free family style. Kette Colwitz, who received his first art education from copperplate sculptor Rudolph Mauer, has been paying attention to the working class of sailors and serfs since the age of 16. She was inspired by Gerhard Hauptmann(1862-1946)'s play "The Weavers", which premiered in 1893, and began his six-piece series of <The Weavers’ Revolt> from 1893 to 1897. This was an expression of the fighting spirit of the suffering workers as low-class citizens, and continued to the <Peasants War>, which he worked on from 1903 to 1908. He witnessed the poor and miserable lives of farmers, and he started a series of films such as <Peasants War> and <The Plowers>, inspired by Wilhelm Zimmerman(1807-1878)'s "General History of the Great Peasant War”. In 1914, when World War I broke out, Kete Colwitz's second son, Peter, was enlisted in the war and died on October 22 at the age of 18. As a result, her life fell into a swamp of despair and grief, and she was sorrowed by her long sorrow until she started working again. She continued her work from 1922 to 1923, continuing her series of <War> and <Death>, expressing the pain and despair caused by the scars of war, and shouting antiwar and peace. Two weeks before the end of World War II in 1945, despite the long cry of peace and anti-war against her hatred, inequality, oppression and absurdity, she finally died.